Legally combustible industrial, agricultural, and domestic (household) waste materials that normally end up in landfills can be incinerated in Waste-to-Energy (WTE) plants to produce electricity and / or heat. The heat produced by waste incinerators can be used to generate steam, which drives turbines to produce electricity or is distributed to buildings connected to a district heating system. WTE plants have demonstrated success in generating electricity and / or heat in northern jurisdictions. There are five WTE plants in Greenland and there are currently plans to increase the capacity of the WTE plant in Nuuk, the capital of Greenland.
The GN’s Energy Strategy (2007) proposes to initiate a feasibility study to identify the potential for small-scale WTE projects in Nunavut. To determine if the use of small-scale waste incinerators for heat generation are a feasible option for Nunavut, a review of Nunavut’s waste management system is required. To this end, a small-scale waste incinerator was purchased in early 2014 by the City of Iqaluit, with support from the Canadian Northern Development Agency.